Tuesday, September 9th, 2014
Dr. B. R. Ambedkar – a true fighter against caste discrimination in India
- By Guest Writer |
- Sunday, March 8th, 2015 |
- 1 Comments
Introduction – Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, prominently known as Babasaheb Ambedkar, was one of the modelers of the Indian Constitution. He was an extraordinary government official and a famous law specialist. Ambedkar’s endeavors to finish the social injustices like untouchablity and standing confinements were amazing. The pioneer, for the duration of his life, battled for the privileges of the dalits and other socially backward classes. Ambedkar was named as the country’s first Law Minister in the Cabinet of Jawaharlal Nehru. India’s most astounding non military personnel respect, the Bharat Ratna award was being declared on his name in 1990 when he was no more.
Life and activities – Bhimrao Ambedkar was destined to Bhimabai Sakpal and Ramji on 14 April 1891 in Madhya Pradesh. He was the fourteenth children of his guardians. Ambedkar’s father was a Subedar in the Indian Army and posted at Mhow cantonment in Madhya Pradesh. Their family moved to Satara after his father got retirement in 1894. His mother passed away very soon after the shifting. After four years, his father remarried and the family moved to Bombay, where he cleared his registration in 1908. His father Bhimabai Sakpal kicked the bucket in Bombay, in 1912.
Ambedkar was a casualty of standing segregation. His guardians hailed from the Hindu Mahar position, which was seen as “untouchable” by the high society. Because of this, Ambedkar needed to face serious separations from each corners of the general public. The segregation and embarrassment frequented Ambedkar even at the Army school, run by British government. Dreading social clamor, the educators would isolate the understudies of lower class from that of Brahmins and other privileged societies. The untouchable understudies were regularly asked by the educator to sit outside the class. In the wake of moving to Satara, he was admitted to a nearby school however the change of school did not change the destiny of adolescent Bhimrao. Segregation took after wherever he went. In 1908, Ambedkar got the chance to learn at the Elphinstone College. Other than clearing all the exams effectively Ambedkar additionally got a grant of twenty five rupees a month from the Gayakwad leader of Baroda, Sahyaji Rao III. Political Science and Economics were the subjects in which he moved on from the Bombay University in 1912. Ambedkar chose to utilize the cash for higher studies in the USA.
In the wake of returning from the US, Ambedkar was named as the Defense secretary to the King of Baroda. Indeed, there likewise he needed to face the mortification for being an ‘Untouchable’. With the assistance of the previous Bombay Governor Lord Sydenham, Ambedkar got the occupation as a teacher of political economy at the Sydenham College of Commerce and Economics in Bombay. With a specific target to proceed with his further studies, in 1920 he went to England at his own costs. There he was honored honor of D.Sc by the London University. Ambedkar additionally spent few months at the University of Bonn, Germany, to study financial matters. On 8 June, 1927, he was granted a Doctorate by the University of Columbia.
Movement against caste discrimination – In the wake of coming back to India, Bhimrao Ambedkar chose to battle against the cast separation that just about divided the country. Ambedkar opined that there ought to be independent discretionary framework for the Untouchables and lower station individuals. He likewise supported the idea of giving reservations to Dalits and different religious groups.
Ambedkar started to discover approaches to reach to the individuals and make them comprehend the disadvantages of the predominating social injustice. He propelled a daily paper called “Mooknayaka” (pioneer of the quiet). It was accepted that, one day, in the wake of listening to his discourse at a rally, Shahu IV, a popular and powerful leader of Kolhapur disagreed with the leader. The occurrence likewise made a gigantic mayhem in the socio-political frame of the nation.
Political Engagements – Ambedkar established the Independent Labour Party. In the 1937 races to the Central Legislative Assembly his gathering won 15 seats. Ambedkar supervised the change of his political gathering into the All India Scheduled Castes Federation, in spite of the fact that it performed inadequately in the races held in 1946 for the Constituent Assembly of India.
Ambedkar protested the choice of Congress and Mahatma Gandhi to call the untouchable group as Harijans. He would say that even the parts of untouchable group are same as alternate parts of the general public. Ambedkar was designated on the Defense Advisory Committee and the Viceroy’s Executive Council as Minister for Labour. His notoriety for being a researcher prompted his arrangement as free India’s first and foremost, Law Minister and director of the council capable to draft a constitution.
Designing of Indian Constitution – Bhimrao Ambedkar was selected as the administrator of the constitution drafting board of trustees. He was additionally an exceptional researcher and prominent legal scholar. Ambedkar underscored on the development of a virtual extension between the classes of the general public. As indicated by him, it would be hard to keep up the solidarity of the nation if the distinction among the classes were not met.
Attraction in Buddhism – In 1950, Ambedkar set out to Sri Lanka to go to a conference of Buddhist scholars and monks. After his return he chose to compose a book on Buddhism and soon, changed over himself to Buddhism. In his discourses, Ambedkar condemned the Hindu customs and caste division. Ambedkar established the Bharatiya Bauddha Mahasabha In 1955. His book “The Buddha and His Dhamma” was published after his life ended. On October 14, 1956 Ambedkar sorted out an open function to change over around five lakhs of his supporters into Buddhism. Ambedkar headed out to Kathmandu to go to the Fourth World Buddhist Conference. He finished his last manuscript of his life, “The Buddha or Karl Marx” on December 2, 1956.
Last phase of life – Since 1954-55 Ambedkar was experiencing genuine health problems including diabetes and weak eye-sight. On 6 December, 1956 he passed on at his home in Delhi. Since, Ambedkar received the Buddhism as his religion, a Buddhist-style cremation was composed for him. The function was gone to by a huge number of his fans.