Bougainvillea is like ornamental vines, its species are thorny, creates bushes. Leaves are like spring leaves decorated near flowers. Height of the trees generally found around 10-12 metres. Its flowers are seen in different bright colours like pink, magenta, purple, red, orange, yellow, white etc. Scientific name of Bougainvillea is ‘Bougainvillea Glabra’ or, ‘Bougainvillea Spectabilis’. Bougainvillea is included in Nyctaginaceae family. It has 28 sub-class and around 250 species. Bougainvillea is an evergreen class of tree grows where rainfall occurs throughout the year. The tree is deciduous if there is a dry season.
The plant has various names in various countries – in Spain it is called ‘Buganvilla’, in Mexico and Philippins it is named as ‘Bugambilia’, in Colombia it is ‘Veranera’, in Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil and Bolivia it is named ‘Santa Rita’.
Some important constituents found in Bougainvillea:
Bougainvillea Glabra has some bio-chemical like ‘Pinitol’, ‘Betacyanine’, ‘Flavonoids’, ‘Alkaloids’ etc. Research showed that leaves of Bougainvillea have plastid-bound Oxalic Acid Oxidase. It also revealed that some compounds like ‘Ribosome inactivating proteins’, Amylase inhibitors’, ‘Pinitol’ and ‘Phenolic compounds’ are present in the plant. It was being disclosed after examining with Petroleum extracts that Bougainvillea has ‘Glycosides’, ‘Anthraquinone’, ‘Terpenoids’, ‘Seponin’, ‘Fat’, ‘Tannin’ etc.
Bugainvillea has many therapeutic usages described in many studies in several times. Leaves of Boungainvillea are used for diarrhea, excess acidity, cough and sore throat.
Concentrated extract of this plant approximately 10 g in 4 glasses of water used for ‘Leucorrhea’, ‘Hepatitis’. Bougainvillea Glabra flowers are used for treatment of low ‘Blood Pressure’.
Studies have shown that extract of Bougainvillea Spectabilis has the power to block the action of several bacteria like ‘Staphylococcus Aureus’, ‘Streptococcus Faecalis’ , ‘Micrococcus Luteus’, ‘Escherichia Coli’, ‘Klebsiella Pneumonia’, ‘Shigella flexneri’ etc.
A study of Bougainvillea Spectabilis solution in water combining Methanolic extract evolved significantly well glucose tolerance and intestinal ‘glucosidase’ activity comparatively reduced. It developed insulin-producing cells and development of plasma insulin was observed. Results of the study indicated that a significant development of ‘nutraceutical’ treatment for Diabetes was yet to progress.
Result of the research showed that leaf extract of Bougainvillea has adverse effects on the reproductive organs of male and female mice. It was observed that male mice had more ‘degeneration’ of gonads with lessen sperm count and ‘titer of testosterone’. While in case of female mice, reproductive cycle extended by 1-2 days.
Bougainvillea is named gently poisonous to puppys. This implies that a puppy might possibly experience reactions from eating bougainvillea. The most well-known reaction of a canine eating bougainvillea are gastrointestinal problems including queasiness, spewing or loose bowels.
Bougainvillea Spectabilis has a source of ‘Pinitol’ which is used in treatment like metabolic diseases such as ‘insulin-resistant’ diabetes. Dr. U. K. Tiwari, Herbal Scientist said that uniqueness and strength of Bougainvillea was effective due to the presence of ‘Pinitol’, which has an effect like insulin and was mainly functional for those people who were resistant to insulin. Practically, they had no other options left.
Research work was done on Bougainvillea to examine the ‘Hypoglycemic’ and ‘Antilipidemic’ effects of this plant. It was made with extract of Bougainvillea Glabra on ‘alloxan-induced’ 25 male wistar rats.
Diabetes mellitus remains a significant wellbeing issue worldwide. In the previous decade, the United States has recorded a 33% rise diabetic cases. Regardless of the noteworthy accomplishments in treatment modalities and preventive measures, its commonness has risen exponentially in the most recent decade. As a result of these constraints, requirement of new avenues are needed. More successful treatments which would enhance control on diabetes, furthermore diminish related danger components like ‘Hyperlipidemia’, ‘Hypertension’ etc. A number of alternative therapies have developed with ‘Herbal Medicine’. This is the reason, the utilization of herbs has dramatically multiplied throughout the most recent decade.
Taking everything into account, the present study has demonstrated that the fluid concentrate of the leaves of Bougainvillea Glabra has against diabetic and hostile to lipidemic impacts. Similarly these perceptions are legitimize the customary employments of the plant leaves for the treatment of diabetes.
Caution: Some research says that inexpedient application of bougainvillea leaves may develop infertility problems.